“The Seven Ages of Woman” is a novel by Compton MacKenzie, first published in 1917.
The novel is a coming-of-age story that follows the life of a young woman named Janet, from her early childhood to middle age. It explores themes such as love, marriage, motherhood, and the changing roles of women in society.
The novel is structured around the seven ages of woman, as described by William Shakespeare in “As You Like It”. Each chapter of the novel corresponds to one of these ages, and focuses on a different stage of Janet’s life. Through Janet’s experiences, MacKenzie examines the challenges and opportunities faced by women at each stage of their lives.
In the first chapter, “The Infant”, we are introduced to Janet as a young child growing up in a middle-class family in Scotland. The chapter explores the joys and struggles of childhood, and the influence of family and society on a young girl’s development.
As Janet enters her teenage years, the second chapter, “The Schoolgirl”, follows her as she begins to explore her own identity and desires. She falls in love with a young man named Hugh, but struggles to navigate the social expectations placed upon her as a young woman.
In the third chapter, “The Young Woman”, Janet is depicted as a confident and independent young woman. She rejects the traditional roles assigned to women, and pursues her own passions and ambitions. She becomes an actress, and travels to London to make a name for herself in the theater.
In the fourth chapter, “The Bride”, Janet marries Hugh and begins her life as a wife and mother. The chapter explores the challenges and joys of marriage, and the expectations placed upon women in their roles as wives and mothers.
The fifth chapter, “The Mother”, focuses on Janet’s experiences as a mother to her two children. She struggles with the demands of motherhood, and the loss of her own identity and independence.
In the sixth chapter, “The Widow”, Janet’s husband dies, leaving her to face the challenges of widowhood. She is forced to confront her own mortality, and to re-evaluate her life and her priorities.
The final chapter, “The Old Woman”, finds Janet in her old age, reflecting on her life and her legacy. She has lived through many changes in society and in the roles of women, and has faced many challenges and struggles. But she has also found love, companionship, and fulfillment in her relationships and in her own accomplishments.
Throughout the novel, MacKenzie explores the changing roles and expectations of women in society, and the ways in which women have struggled to find their own identities and fulfill their own ambitions. He depicts Janet as a complex and multifaceted character, who embodies the challenges and opportunities faced by women at each stage of their lives.
Overall, “The Seven Ages of Woman” is a thoughtful and insightful novel that explores important themes related to gender, identity, and the changing roles of women in society. MacKenzie’s skillful characterization and vivid prose make this a compelling and engaging read for anyone interested in exploring the complexities of human nature.